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Oct 28, 2010

Drugs Acting on Different Organ Systems...Lab Pharmacology

Drugs Acting on mouth and salivary Glands:
Antisialics:
These are the drugs which reduce salivary secretion. These drugs cause dryness of mouth.  E.g. atropine.
Demulcents:
Any substance which protects the mucous membrane and produces the irritation. E.g. Tragacanth, Gum Accacia.
Sialegouge:
Agents which increase the secretion of saliva or it stimulate the flow of saliva. E.g. cherrita.
Drugs acting on Liver:
Anticholegouge
Any substance which reduces the production of bile.
Cholegouge
Substances which increase the flow rate of bile. E.g. bile salts.
Drugs acting on urinary system:
Diuretics
These are the drugs which increase urine flow. E.g. potassium nitrate, freusamide and acetazolamide.
Antidiuretics
These decrease the flow rate of urine. E.g. ADH and vasopressin.
Urinary sedatives
Agents which reduce the irritation in bladder and depress the irritability of whole urinary system. E.g. baladona.
Urinary alkalinizer
Drugs which act as saline diuretics and give urine an alkaline pH. E.g. sodium bicarbonate, sodium lactate and sodium citrate.

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